Dry stone huts are mainly found in landscapes where there is a lot of stone and where it can be cut into slabs or roofing slates.
The stones collected from the ground were used by the farmers to build their huts according to a specific plan. ancestral know-howIn principle, no binder is used. Sometimes a little earth or mortar is used for better bonding or more waterproofing.
The principle of construction is to stack stones of different kinds, collected from the ground. These stones must be well chosen, because the joints must be as fine as possible. In this way, water infiltration is limited and the whole structure is weather-resistant.
Walls can be 0.80 to 1m thick.
The use of dry stone huts in the Vézère valley
They were mainly used for storing equipment, sheltering from the elements and even for sleeping. Their growth in the 19th century is often linked to the wine-growingwhich was widespread in the Dordogne until the passage of the Large Phylloxera (grapevine disease) which devastated the Vézère valley from 1880. To gauge the scale of the plague, in 1835 the commune of Montignac-Lascaux produced 20,000 hectolitres a year, 50 years later the activity had almost completely ceased.
These dry stone huts were also used for work in the fields, sometimes far from the dwellings. important placesThey were used to organise life in the fields and as shelters. With the decline of the peasantry and the rise of the industrial revolution, their use naturally declined. It is sometimes thanks to associations or enthusiasts that some of them have survived and can be seen today.
The cabins can be used shelters for farmers in the event of bad weather, from storage for farm implements or storage space provisional harvest, sheepfoldwinter shelters. It is very difficult to date these huts, but most of them were built between the 18th and 19th centuries. These huts are endearing because they take us back to the simple, hard-working life of the farmers. farmers of yesteryear.
Dry-stone huts at Les Eyzies
The dry-stone hut at Pechmémie
The dry-stone hut at Pechmémie (Les Eyzies) has been protected since 1991 (cad. 539C 194). It is located on a private estate and cannot be viewed by the general public.
Dry-stone hut at Sireuil
The dry-stone hut at Sireuil aux Eyzies has also been listed since 1991 (cad. 539C 835). Original, neither round nor square, this 13-metre long hut is rectangular. Another original feature, the Sireuil hut has a large opening, some of which was later bricked up.
Semi-detached dry-stone huts in Valojoulx
Listed in the heritage inventory, the twin dry-stone huts of Valojoulx are also known asGallic huts". They're called "Gallic", but they're not! People say they are "twins", but they probably aren't either, because they were built at different times. But they are there, and they are among the most beautiful dry-stone huts in the Périgord Noir.