Calvaries and crosses, an ancient tradition

The cross was originally placed in the cemetery of the nearby village of the church. Since the 15th century, crosses have been erected in cemeteries, at crossroads and sometimes in market towns. Numerous events took place around them, and they were used as rallying point for the Palm Sunday procession, we stopped at the foot of the cross to sing the "hosanna" (save us) in supplication for the various events in the lives of Christians.

The Fanlac cross

That of Fanlac At the foot of the cross, under the sun, you can see the disciple John, and under the moon, the Virgin Mary. Beneath Christ's feet is a human skull, recalling the name of the place of sacrifice. Golgotha which in Aramaic means "skull".

Village of Fanlac©OTLDVV

At the base of this ensemble is a kneeling man-at-arms in prayer, carrying a spear in front of him: all in accordance with 14th century custom. This is probably the mark of the donors.
The top forms a geometric figure with 4 cells, symbolically evoking the created world.
In the centre is Christ on the cross, with the heavily altered inscription "Jesus of Nazareth, King of the Jews" on top of his head. Above his arms are the sun on his right and the moon on his left.
On either side of the cross is an angel collecting the blood from the wound in a bowl.

The Sergeac cross

Sergeac Cross©Myriam G

A few kilometres away, the Sergeac which dates from the 16th century, is surprising for its medieval style not very common in Périgord, Christ can be seen between the Virgin Mary and Saint John.

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